Canada is falling behind other countries in meeting the needs of former youth

Canada’s approach to supporting former youth in care has been marred by persistent challenges, resulting in the nation falling behind other countries in meeting their needs. Despite efforts to improve the welfare system, numerous barriers hinder the successful transition of youth from care to independence. In this essay, we delve into the complexities surrounding this issue, examining the root causes of Canada’s lagging performance and proposing strategies for meaningful change.

The Plight of Former Youth in Care

Former youth in care often face daunting obstacles as they navigate the transition to adulthood. Many experience instability in housing, education, employment, and mental health. Statistics reveal alarming trends, with a disproportionate number of former youth in care experiencing homelessness, unemployment, and involvement in the criminal justice system compared to their peers. These challenges not only hinder individual success but also perpetuate cycles of poverty and social exclusion.

Root Causes of Canada’s Lagging Performance

Several factors contribute to Canada’s failure in adequately supporting former youth in care:

Fragmented Systems: Canada’s child welfare system is fragmented, with jurisdictional differences among provinces and territories leading to inconsistencies in policies and services. This lack of uniformity results in inequitable access to resources and support for former youth in care across the country.

Aging Out: The process of “aging out” of the child welfare system often occurs abruptly, leaving youth unprepared for independent living. Insufficient support during this critical transition period increases the likelihood of adverse outcomes such as homelessness and unemployment.

Lack of Continuity in Services: Transitioning from child welfare services to adult services can be challenging, as former youth in care often experience disruptions in support systems. Limited coordination between child and adult services exacerbates this issue, leaving many without the necessary resources to thrive.

Stigma and Discrimination: Former youth in care frequently encounter stigma and discrimination, which hinder their access to housing, education, and employment opportunities. Negative stereotypes perpetuate societal misconceptions about their abilities and potential, further marginalizing this vulnerable population.

Insufficient Resources: Chronic underfunding plagues Canada’s child welfare system, limiting the availability of essential services such as mental health support, education assistance, and housing subsidies. Without adequate resources, organizations struggle to meet the diverse needs of former youth in care.

Strategies for Meaningful Change

Addressing Canada’s shortcomings in supporting former youth in care requires a multifaceted approach that addresses systemic issues and prioritizes the well-being of vulnerable individuals. Key strategies include:

Implementing Comprehensive Policies: Canada must develop comprehensive policies that standardize support services for former youth in care across all provinces and territories. These policies should prioritize continuity of care, holistic support, and meaningful engagement with youth in decision-making processes.

Extending Support Beyond Age 18: Rather than abruptly ending support at age 18, Canada should extend services to ensure a smoother transition to adulthood. Introducing gradual independence programs and extending financial assistance beyond the age of majority can help mitigate the challenges associated with aging out of care.

Strengthening Collaboration and Coordination: Enhanced collaboration between child welfare agencies, government departments, community organizations, and indigenous communities is essential for providing seamless support to former youth in care. Coordinated efforts can streamline service delivery and ensure that no individual falls through the cracks.

Combatting Stigma and Discrimination: Canada must actively combat stigma and discrimination against former youth in care through education, advocacy, and policy initiatives. Promoting positive narratives and providing opportunities for meaningful participation can empower individuals to challenge stereotypes and overcome societal barriers.

Investing in Resources and Training: Adequate funding must be allocated to enhance the quality and availability of support services for former youth in care. This includes investing in mental health resources, educational support programs, housing initiatives, and specialized training for professionals working with this population.


Canada’s failure to adequately support former youth in care is a pressing social justice issue that demands urgent attention and action. By addressing systemic barriers, investing in comprehensive support services, and fostering collaboration and understanding, Canada can strive towards a future where all young people, regardless of their past experiences, have the opportunity to thrive and succeed. It is imperative that policymakers, stakeholders, and communities unite in their commitment to uplifting and empowering former youth in care, ensuring that they are not left behind but rather given the support and resources they need to reach their full potential.

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