Ghana’s free high school policy is getting more girls to complete secondary education

Ghana’s commitment to education has seen significant progress in recent years, particularly with the implementation of the free high school policy. This policy aims to remove financial barriers to education, making it accessible to all students regardless of their socioeconomic backgrounds. While the policy’s overall impact has been widely discussed, its specific effects on female secondary education completion remain a subject of interest. This study seeks to explore how Ghana’s free high school policy has influenced female students’ completion rates in secondary education.


Prior to the introduction of the free high school policy, many families in Ghana struggled to afford secondary education for their children, particularly girls. Economic constraints often forced families to prioritize the education of male children over females. Consequently, female enrollment and completion rates in secondary education were significantly lower compared to males. Recognizing this disparity, the Ghanaian government implemented the free high school policy in 2017, aiming to promote gender equality and improve overall educational outcomes.


This study employs a mixed-methods approach, combining quantitative analysis of educational data with qualitative insights from interviews and focus group discussions. Secondary education completion rates among female students are analyzed over a specific timeframe, comparing data before and after the implementation of the free high school policy. Additionally, interviews with students, teachers, and education policymakers provide deeper insights into the policy’s impact on female education.


Quantitative analysis reveals a noticeable increase in female secondary education completion rates following the implementation of the free high school policy. Before the policy, many girls dropped out of school due to financial constraints or early marriages. However, with the removal of tuition fees and other educational expenses, more girls have been able to enroll and complete their secondary education. This trend is particularly evident in rural areas and among low-income families, where financial barriers were most pronounced.

Qualitative insights further support the quantitative findings, highlighting the transformative effect of the free high school policy on female students’ lives. Interviews with students indicate a newfound sense of empowerment and hope for the future, as education becomes more accessible and attainable. Teachers also report a positive shift in attitudes towards female education, with greater support from communities and families. Additionally, policymakers acknowledge the policy’s role in promoting gender equality and narrowing the education gap between males and females.


The findings of this study underscore the crucial role of the free high school policy in advancing female education in Ghana. By removing financial barriers, the policy has enabled more girls to access and complete secondary education, thereby empowering them with knowledge and skills for personal and economic development. Moreover, the policy has contributed to changing societal attitudes towards female education, fostering a culture of gender equality and inclusivity.

However, challenges remain, particularly in addressing cultural norms and structural barriers that still hinder girls’ education in some communities. While the free high school policy has made significant strides, sustained efforts are needed to ensure equitable access to education for all girls, regardless of their backgrounds or circumstances. Additionally, ongoing monitoring and evaluation of the policy’s implementation are essential to identify areas for improvement and ensure its long-term sustainability.


In conclusion, Ghana’s free high school policy has emerged as a powerful tool for promoting female education and gender equality. By eliminating financial barriers, the policy has increased female enrollment and completion rates in secondary education, empowering girls to realize their full potential. While challenges persist, the positive impact of the policy underscores the importance of continued investment in education as a catalyst for social progress and economic development. Moving forward, concerted efforts must be made to build on these achievements and create an inclusive educational system that leaves no girl behind.

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